So, you can use rich, loam soil as a potting soil. Use a sharp knife and cut the canes at a 45-degree angle. Divide the cut lashes with scissors into the tops and fragments of … A large, well-grown dieffenbachia can reach 10 feet, with leaves 20 inches long. Allow excess hydrogen peroxide to drain from the implements. Plant sap contain sharp crystalline structures called raphides that contain calcium oxalate. Wear a breathing mask to keep it out of your mouth or hold your mouth closed while working with dieffenbachia. Return one of the sections to the original container or planting location. You can also divide the plant and repot into smaller containers. The length of the stem after cutting … Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Purdue University Consumer Horticulture: New Plants from Cuttings, Clemson Cooperative Extension: Dieffenbachia, North Dakota State University Extension: Questions on: Dieffenbachia, Missouri Botanical Garden: Dieffenbachia Seguine, North Carolina State Univeristy Extension: Plant Propagation by Leaf, Cane, and Root Cuttings: Instructions for the Home Gardener. Core Dieffenbachia facts. The Full Story. Dieffenbachia, also known as dumb cane, is one of the most common houseplants since it’s easy to take care of.However, the leaves of this plant can turn yellow in color if it is not being taken care of properly. Disinfect the knife or saw in a solution of one part bleach to nine parts water before and after use. Rooting. If you... Dust the cut with rooting hormone. Pruning. Chaney also writes poetry, which has appears in "Woman's World" magazine and elsewhere. This is actually wrong, light shade is acceptable but nothing darker. Although all canes are part of the same plant, some might appear to be grouped together. https://www.hunker.com/13427177/how-to-cut-dieffenbachia-plants Turn the pot upside down for smaller containers and thump the... Clean-up. Together, these genuses of flowering plants include over 500 species. Both Dieffenbachia and Philodendron are easy to grow houseplants, making them popular with novice as well as experienced plant lovers. A month after planting, begin feeding with Miracle-Gro® Indoor Plant Food. Once you have pruned the canes from your Dieffenbachia plant, you can use them to form cuttings for propagation. Sprinkle sliced ​​areas with crushed charcoal. The most common problem with growing dumbcane dieffenbachia is too much moisture. Although Dieffenbachia and Philodendron are different plants, they both cause toxicity in similar ways.. Dieffenbachia plants … Lay large containers on their sides, thumping and rotating the pot to loosen the root mass. ... Now, look for a spot to split the plant. How to Split a Dieffenbachia Plant Preparations. After planting in a suitable container and potting medium, water thoroughly and fertilize. Dieffenbachia Plant Features Dieffenbachia is one of the easiest indoor houseplants to grow -- and one of the most common indoor plants. However, make sure not to keep your plant too moist. Use a sharp knife and cut the canes at a 45-degree angle. Sap should not touch skin, mucous membranes, or eyes to avoid painful toxic reactions. Remove and wash shirt and protective eyeglasses. If the plant is growing in low light, feed it less frequently. Put potted divisions in growing area and water thoroughly. I've only watered when the soil was dry a few inches deep (I usually always overwater my plants so I've been very careful with this one). Tap the cutting gently to remove any excess powder. Most of the time, you can easily tell what’s wrong and fix it before things get worse but sometimes, it is … Work the soil loose and remove it from the roots so you can see where stems and shoots are emerging. How to Remove Suckers From African Violets, Gloxinia Plant Care: How to Let It Go Dormant. Low dieffenbachia gives many root shoots that can be cut into cuttings. Make sure to cut it into 2 inch segments. Overwatering is a common problem with many houseplants and the dieffenbachia houseplant is no exception. Most of the time, you can easily tell what’s wrong and fix it before things get worse but sometimes, it is harder to tell where the problem lies. Pull these groups apart to split the plant into two to four separate plants, depending on the size of the original dumbcane plant. Dig a hole in the prepared area, place the plant in the bottom of the planting hole, gently backfill around the plant’s root ball with soil then water well. The genus Dieffenbachia includes tropical foliage plants that are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12, but are grown as houseplants in colder climates. They are generally green with splashes or blotches of creamy white, although cultivars have expanded the palette to include yellow. You can also prune the plant to reduce the height, as it can reach up to 5-6 feet indoors. By dividing, or splitting, the plant you can make more to fill out your indoor garden. This tropical shrub shows off lush leaves that are usually marked in shades of cream, yellow, or white, making dieffenbachia a top pick for brightening dim corners indoors. Look for natural separations among the various canes of the plant. How to grow dieffenbachia in a garden. You can also propagate Dieffenbachia plants via stem cuttings. I recently got a Dieffenbachia plant, and now the bottom first leaves have been turning yellow and getting brown spots and splitting down the center. This plant is also known as dumb cane on the market. Water your plant. Cut off one or both plants and root them in a 50-50 mixture of peat moss and clean sand. The common name, dumb cane, refers to the numbing quality plant sap shows when touched to the tongue, making speech impossible. Dieffenbachias should not be exposed to temperatures below 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Make the cut above a leaf or leaf bud. Water when the top 2 inches of soil are dry. Wear heavy gloves, long sleeves and safety glasses before splitting the dumbcane plant, so the sap doesn't touch your skin or eyes. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Care, repotting, watering and exposure are as many small things to do that will make your dieffenbachia … Use clean well-draining potting mix. Check the soil to make su… Choose one and carve a long, upward slit – about... Insert a small toothpick or a twig in the cut portion to ensure that the slit section doesn’t touch the main stem. All are impressive. Chaney graduated from the University of Arizona in 1992 with a Bachelor of Arts in English. Dieffenbachias are fast-growing houseplants that tend … To propagate such a flower, cut the shoots near the ground. Turn the pot upside down for smaller containers and thump the container edge against the work surface edge to loosen the root ball so it slides out of the pot. This will indicate that it has … © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. If the leaves of dieffenbachia lose their elasticity, color and fall off, this may signal a close of the pot, so the plant needs a transplant. The potentially harmful effects of dumbcane sap doesn't mean you can't enjoy this plant in your home. If you grow dieffenbachia in a container, just slide the root ball out of its container. Wait until the kids are down for a nap or gone to bed for the night before attempting to split the plant and you won't have to worry about them coming in contact with the sap. Core Dieffenbachia facts. This is vital f… A large, well-grown dieffenbachia can reach 10 feet, with leaves 20 inches long. However, the plants will rarely reach this size in typical indoor conditions, where 3 to 5 feet is more common. A. Pull these groups apart to split the plant into two to four separate plants, depending on the size of the original dumbcane plant. Time the division so the soil around the Dieffenbachia roots is only slightly moist. Note: Dieffenbachia is one of the poisonous plants. She received her Bachelor's degree from West Virginia University. Repot the divisions in pots that leave 2 inches of room around all sides. trees depending on the variety you select. Plant the dumbcane in a well-draining soil and water lightly, keeping the soil consistently moist, but not soggy. Such a procedure can be performed once or twice a year. Most cultivars do fine with a low light environment; however, growth is slower or stops, but the plant will remain healthy and attractive. They have beautiful patterned leaves and thick stems. Use a digging spade to cut the circle, insert the blade in the cut and pull back on the handle to pry it out of the ground. Her work has been published in the San Francisco Chronicle and on other websites. If you have children or pets, it should be kept out of reach. Give the plant lots of indirect light or grow outside in speckled shady areas of zones 11 and 12. I immediately purchased it, nurtured it back to life, separated it into two pots and posted one for sale on the marketplace. Use a sterile knife to make the cuttings and be sure to sterilize the instrument before and after you use it. A wide variety of green-and-white leaf patterns occurs. All Rights Reserved. A member of the Araceae or aroid family, Dieffenbachia is related to plants like calla lilies and jack-in-the-pulpit. Prune when the plant is too tall or the stem is naked. Dieffenbachia Care Guide Light. Shortening and Propagating a Huge Dieffenbachia Amoena: The Dieffenbachia Amoena plant Is a rather common large house plant. Once you cut the canes, make sure to water your plant well. The name comes from the plants toxic sap. Some are solid colors. Propagation is best done during the time of pruning. They can be small table plants or 5ft-6ft. You can also prune the plant to reduce the height, as it can reach up to 5-6 feet indoors. Rootbound plants have roots that form a dense ball and keep the shape of the pot when lifted out. Lay the section of Dieffenbachia horizontally on top of the mixture in the garden pot. The plant gets the name dumbcane because its stems contain skin-irritating needle-like raphides that cause a burning sensation in the mouth and throat when ingested, literally making one speechless. Commercial propagation is by tissue culture, layering, or division of shoots from the root clump. Dumb Cane (Dieffenbachia picta) is a perennial native to tropical forest regions. Put on a long-sleeved shirt, protective eyeglasses and disposable waterproof gloves. Cut a circle around the dieffenbachia plant that measures about 4 inches outside the outer perimeter of the stems. Cover the work surface with the plastic sheeting. Cut the cane to form cuttings. This plant prefers lose, well-drained soil, rich in organic matter. Each segment has to have a node about ¼ inch from the bottom edge. After a couple weeks you will begin to see roots thru the plastic... then … The plant sap contains calcium oxylate, a chemical compound which causes swelling of the tongue and throat. Pour hydrogen peroxide over the shears and knife so it touches all cutting surfaces. For this purpose, in a new pot put fresh substrate and rolled over the plant with the old lump of earth. Dieffenbachia is native to Central America and Brazil. The Encyclopedia of Container Plants; Ray Rogers, Rob Cardillo. You can also divide the plant and repot into smaller containers. Dumb Cane … Although mothers might wish for quiet when the kids are running around screaming, you should definitely keep this toxic plant out of the reach of children, particularly when dividing to make new plants and exposing the inner flesh. Put the unpotted Dieffenbachia on top of the plastic sheeting. Leaves are going yellow and then dropping off . This helps protect fresh divisions from pathogens, such as bacteria and fungi. Direct sunlight will raise the temperature in the bag and cook the plant. Prune the plant when the stems shed enough leaves to expose the canelike trunk. Dieffenbachia is a fast-growing plant that can achieve 2 feet in height within a year of planting a rooted cutting, provided it gets enough light. Keep the top of the division at the same level it was in the original plant. Shake off the ground and gently with a sharp knife divide into separate plants with roots. Moisten the cut end of the cutting or the bottom end of the stem piece and dip it in a spoonful of rooting hormone powder. The genus Dieffenbachia includes tropical foliage plants that are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12, but are grown as houseplants in colder climates. Put on a long-sleeved shirt, protective eyeglasses and disposable waterproof gloves. Her horticultural experience working in the nursery industry informs her garden articles, especially those dealing with arid landscaping and drought-tolerant gardening. Bush dieffenbachia with root layers In the spring, during a planned transplant, take it out of the pot. It will help it recover from pruning. It’s a snap to root new plants using any one of the three propagating methods. Care, repotting, watering and exposure are as many small things to do that will make your dieffenbachia even more lush. To prevent bacterial and fungal root infections, use well-draining potting mix and allow established plants to become dry half-way down the pot between waterings. Cover the work... Plant Division. Make a small hole in the planting medium with a pencil and place … Leave the plant in the bag for two to four weeks or until you are able to tug gently on the plant without it coming out of the soil. If the plant needs to be cut, it is wise to wear gloves. Here’s what you have to do: Carefully inspect the plant and identify stems with healthy leaf bud. Rootbound plants have roots that form a dense ball and keep the shape of the pot when lifted out. Problems with dieffenbachia plant can be easily overcome in most situations. Dieffenbachia is a common office plant and should pose no problems when uses this way. Brush excess soil away from the outside of the root ball until you expose some … Plan to have three to five stems and/or shoots per division. Unpot the plant from its container. Inspect the root system for location of possible cuts to divide the root mass. For propagation, take the entire root shoot. A former cake decorator and competitive horticulturist, Amelia Allonsy is most at home in the kitchen or with her hands in the dirt. Repot rootbound dieffenbachia immediately in a larger container. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! A Dieffenbachia plant or Dumb Cane plant, native to the tropics of Mexico and all the way south to Argentina, are relatively easy-care houseplants with large, broad, patterned, oblong leaves. Plant dieffenbachia in Miracle-Gro® Indoor Potting Mix. Unpot the plant from its container. Another false belief about Dieffenbachia's is that they need very little light. Cathryn Chaney has worked as a gardening writer since 2002. The best time to repot a Dieffenbachia plant is during the end of the winter season as the plant begins to grow. Do make sure not to cut more than 1/3 of its growth. A normal sign of aging. Name – Diffenbachia x hybrida Family – Araceae Type – indoor plant Height – 1 ⅓ to 3 feet (0.5 to 1 meter) indoors Exposure – very well-lit Soil – soil mix Foliage – evergreen. Start dividing the root system from the outer edge. The plant may not survive at temperature less than 40 degree Fahrenheit (5 degree Celsius). Although mothers might wish for quiet when the kids are running around screaming, you should definitely keep this toxic plant out of the reach of children, particularly when dividing to make new plants and exposing the inner flesh. However, since this plant is also common in many homes, some care should be exercised. Low-growing dieffenbachia grow in a lush bush or form curly lashes. Plant the remaining sections in new containers or planting sites that receive partial to full shade, no more than two hours of sunlight daily. If you wish to propagate your Dieffenbachia plant, now it’s the best time to do it (see below). Choose a shaded spot in the garden and prepare the planting area well by digging in some Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. Prune the plant when the stems shed enough leaves to expose the canelike trunk. However it's not normal if multiple leaves are effected at once, this instead would be a sign that the temperature is too low, or the plant is in a draughty area. Dumb Cane plants are among the most popular houseplants for its beautiful variegations, full foliage and thick stems. Dieffenbachia (also known as dumb cane) is a popular houseplant grown for its large, showy leaves. Set aside the freshly cut divisions on a clean portion of the plastic. Repot rootbound dieffenbachia immediately in a larger container. When growing dumbcane dieffenbachia, fertilize twice a month to encourage growth and a healthy plant. WATERING YOUR DUMB CANE PLANT THE RIGHT WAY One of the most common mistakes made with a Dieffenbachia plant is that people tend to overwater. You can divide your Dracaena just about any way you want to. Dieffenbachia is native to Central America and Brazil. Sap also contains a toxic protein, asparagine. Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia seguine, formerly Dieffenbachia maculata and Dieffenbachia picta) is an enduring houseplant, with a perennial range in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12. After planting in a suitable container and potting medium, water thoroughly and … Brush excess soil away from the outside of the root ball until you expose some of the roots and canes. Here’s how to do it in a few simple steps: 1. This plant can grow quite large in the right setting (6 to 10 feet tall in its native Brazil, for … Name – Diffenbachia x hybrida Family – Araceae Type – indoor plant Height – 1 ⅓ to 3 feet (0.5 to 1 meter) indoors Exposure – very well-lit Soil – soil mix Foliage – evergreen. The root of dieffenbachia can rot easily, if it is allowed to sit in standing water. Open the pruning shears and put them and the knife with points down in the plastic container. The plant gives a tropical look and various varieties can be striped, spotted or have colored veins. To maintain a healthy plant you should be giving indirect bright light.. Keep it away from direct sunlight during the middle of the day and early afternoon when the suns is at its hottest. Native to tropical America, several species of Dieffenbachia have been cultivated and bred for use as foliage house plants. Cut the scorch out, or remove the entire leaf entirely then find a new shadier home for the plant. Keep in mind that ingesting it can cause a temporary inability to speak. Brush excess soil away from the outside of the root ball until you expose some of the roots and canes. Keep plants out of reach of children and pets. Propagate your plant. Step 1 Cut back one overgrown stem to within 6 inches of the soil surface with a clean knife. Moisten the entire contents and let it drain before planting the cuttings. Remove and discard waterproof gloves. Dumb Cane are moderately easy plants that require light or partial shade and an evenly moist environment. Use the pruning shears for small cuts and the knife for thicker cuts. Remove the selected divisions to a clean piece of newspaper. Put the bagged plant in a well lighted area, but don't let it get any direct sunlight. Over the years I have developed a method similar to "Air layering" to root the stems and keep t… However, the plants will rarely reach this size in typical indoor conditions, where 3 to 5 feet is more common. Take the cane you have pruned from the main plant. An outdoor planting site must have well-drained soil, while containers need a potting soil with good drainage that is rich in organic matter. Another, shorter name for a Dieffenbachia plant is Dieff, and its often used because its easier to spell. Two years ago, a woman posted a dieffenbachia plant for sale on Facebook Marketplace and said that if she couldn’t sell it that night, she would throw it out. Dieffenbachia is a fast-growing plant that can achieve 2 feet in height within a year of planting a rooted cutting, provided it gets enough light. Display the plant in a high window or on a counter far from children's reach. Use your hands or a small cleaning brush. If you can't pull them apart by hand, use a sterile knife or pruning saw to cut through the soil. You want to find a place where there is a natural division with roots intact among the stems, and avoid splitting stems that are growing very close together. They can also hit your celing. Avoid feeding the plant in the wintertime. Dieffenbachia, also known as dumb cane, is one of the most common houseplants since it’s easy to take care of.However, the leaves of this plant can turn yellow in color if it is not being taken care of properly. Roll up and discard the plastic sheeting. Discard woodier non-productive pieces of roots, soil, unwanted divisions, and plant debris. Some dieffenbachia plants require low filtered light. Cutting the dieffenbachia plant back properly encourages a fresh flush of new, fuller growth that prevents the stem from becoming too tall and weak.